Tammy S. Winner- White

Indiana University of Pennsylvania

English Department

110 Leonard hall

Indiana, PA 15705-1094



Educational Background

Areas of Expertise: Composition, Rhetoric, Composing Processes, Speech and Communication, Computers & Writing, Electronic Literacy, and Instructional Design

Doctor of Philosophy- English, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA Merit Scholar, Awarded Academic Scholarship, Graduate Assistantship and Teaching Associate Position. Course work completed Fall 1997 (4.0 GPA). Comprehensive exams successfully completed February 1998 (three areas of examinations: Composition theory, Linguistics, and Computers & Literacy). Dissertation title: "Teaching First-Year College English Employing Web Based Pedagogies: A Qualitative Study"  Expected graduation: December 1999.

Master of Arts – English/Rhetoric, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA Awarded Teaching Assistantship and Academic Scholarship.

Master of Education-Interdisciplinary/English, Frostburg University, Frostburg, MD                            Awarded Graduate Research Assistantship. September 1991- May 1993

(Concurrently earned Masters degrees)

Master of Business Administration, Technical Writing Sequence, Frostburg Univ.                             Awarded Graduate Assistantship. September 1991-December 1993.

Bachelor of Science,Journalism, West Virginia University                                                                  Morgantown, WV, August 1986 -May 1991.

Additional Professional Training

Distance Educator, Teletraining Institute, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, Summer 1994. Completed extensive training under the program "Teletechniques: Skills for Distant Education Instructors." Completion of this program led to the study of instructional design techniques that can be employed when working with learners who are at a distance through the use of various on-line technologies such as fiber optics, compressed video, and web based applications. As a distance educator, I have designed and delivered distance courses and a series of faculty workshops in both synchronous and asynchronous forums.

Grant Writer, Carnegie Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA. Member of the Carnegie Foundation and participant of grant writing seminars. Awarded $7,000 faculty professional development committee grant from the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education Spring 1997. Funds were used to train current Indiana University of Pennsylvania English faculty in the areas of distance learning and distance education through a series of workshops titled "Teaching English at a Distance." Additionally, I have been awarded travel grants from the following departments: IUP Graduate School, Center for Teaching Excellence, Rhetoric & Linguistics Graduate Program and the Department of Continuing Education.

Awards and Assistantships, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Graduate Research Assistantship, (1996-97), English Department Merit Scholarship, (1996-97). As a graduate assistant under the direction of Dr. Dan Tannacito, we collaborated to write and administer a grant funded project designed to deliver a series of faculty workshops on distance education (TEAD project). The four workshops introduced distance learning to the faculty and gave them exposure to many forms of synchronous and asynchronous communications. http://gradeng.en.iup.edu/TEAD

Carnegie Mellon University, English Department Academic Scholarship, 1996.   Under the direction of Dr. David Kaufer, I explored the possibilities for writers working in a web based writing classroom.

Frostburg State University, Research Assistantship. For eighteen months I worked with Dr. Peggy Dalton, Chair of the Economics Department and Director of the Center for Regional Progress. My duties were to act as the editor of The Regional Review a quarterly newsletter covering regional economics. As editor I wrote news items about the regional economy, collected and maintained regional data bases, analyzed regional socio-economic data, and designed and desktop published an 12-page quarterly newsletter. I also wrote and set up a business plan that turned the newsletter from a nonprofit to a profit venture thus freeing up some of the Center's funding in order to purchase the US Census data on CD-ROM. Fall 1992 - Summer 1993

Research Interests, Publications, Presentations & Papers in Progress

I am interested in the relations that obtain between writers and computer-mediated communication (CMC). Specifically, I'm interested in how traditional pedagogy, with regard to teaching writing skills, can be enhanced by using the World Wide Web (WWW) and other forms of electronic communication to bring readers and writers together in a neutral space that has no geographic limitations. My interest in distance education pedagogy has moved me to inquire and study: the history of composition studies, how writers develop and deliver an argument, how writers use CMC as a voice, and how teachers can use various forms of electronic communication to further the goals of their writing classrooms. To explore these interests, I've written and presented papers asking the following questions:

"<b>How do we do this?</b>Teachers collaborating on the Web." Published by the Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE) in the journal SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education). Paper additionally presented at the 9th International Conference, Washington, D.C., March 1998. http://www.aace.org/site/Default.htm

"Reading Between the Code: The Teaching of HTML and the Displacement of Writing Instruction." Computers & Composition, (forthcoming article, December, 1999).

"Cyberhetoric: Evaluating Web-Based Writing in Freshman Composition," A panel presentation at the Pennsylvania college of English Association, Dubois, PA, March, 1998.

"Sharing our Stories: Distance Learning and The Teaching of English," Roundtable discussion presented at the College Composition and Communication Conference (CCCC) Chicago, IL, April, 1998.

"Web-Pages in Freshman Composition?" Paper presented at the 13th Anniversary conference of Rhetoric Society of America, June 1998, Pittsburgh, PA.

"Depicting Narrative Time in Linear Space: A Discourse Analytical Glance at the Soap Opera Form as Realized on the World Wide Web" Paper presented at the Madison Conference, April 1997, James Madison University.

"Identifying the Support Needs of Home Based Businesses in Western Maryland: A Report Prepared for and Funded by the Small Business Development Center of Western Maryland." This report identified the support needs of Home Based Businesses in Western Maryland concerning: marketing/advertising, finance, legal, accounting and family concerns.

Papers in Progress

"An Inquiry into Reflective Thinking as a Pedagogical Practice: The Dax Cowart Case Study" written as a collaborative course project for Dr. Linda Flower, Carnegie Mellon University. Question: Given the importance of reflective thinking, or of "metacognition" to the enterprise of composition and instruction (Dewey, Flower) how can reflective thinking be elicited within a given student and, if it is, what does it look like?

"Sue: A Case Study Focusing upon the use of Network and Computer Tools in the Support of a Writing Classroom." written under the direction of Dr. Chris Neuwirth, Carnegie Mellon University. Question: What resources do teachers rely on to help them incorporate the use of computers and technology into the writing classroom? - How do these various computer and on-line technologies further the goals of specific writing courses? -Under what conditions do teachers rely on traditional means of teaching instead of using available computer and on-line technologies?

"Vygotsky's Notion of the Zone of Proximal Development and How it Applies to Collaborative Writing Assignments Involving Native and Non-native Speakers." written under the direction of Dr. Dan Tannacito, Indiana University of Pennsylvania. Question: What are the relations that obtain between Vygotsky's notion of the ZPD and a group of native speakers and non-native speakers involved in a collaborative writing assignment?

"A Micro Inquiry into the Linguistic Activities of Openings and Closings and How They Apply to On-line Discussions Found on the World Wide Web." written under the direction of Dr. Patrick Hartwell, Indiana University of Pennsylvania. Question: Given what is known about linguistic activity with regard to openings and closings in speech and writing, how do these activities transfer or not transfer over to the communication that takes place between two or more participants engaged in an on-line discussion on the World Wide Web? Specifically, are the traditional linguistic activities of openings and closings observed upon the material grounds of the WWW academic discussion group H-RHETOR?

Magazines, Newsletters & Newspapers

R & L News, Copy Design Editor, English program newsletter. Published every semester in paper and electronic formats. Fall 1996 – Current.

Redskins Sideliner, Business Manager, Full color, glossy magazine, published Summer of 1995. Circ. 28,000

The Regional Review, Editor, Quarterly economics newsletter published at FSU, Circ. 840

Lakeside Edition, Faculty Editor, Quarterly school newspaper, Garrett Community College

Teaching Interests

I'm interested in helping others embrace the benefits of technology and how it can be used to further course goals, facilitate writing processes and enhance multiple literacies. I’ve been pursuing these interests as a teacher, a consultant and as an instructional designer. In addition to my technological interests, I am also interested in collaboration and the act(s) of collaborative writing. With regard to pedagogy, I'm interested in how computer mediated communication can further the goals of composition courses and distance courses.

Teaching Experience

Teaching Associate, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Fall 1997 – Current.As a teaching associate at IUP, I have been developing and implementing a series of writing intensive assignments that use the World Wide Web, email, and UseNet groups in my English 101 courses. For more information on my web based writing practices go to http://members.tripod.com/~whitet/index-14.html

Teaching Associate- Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. As a teaching associate at CMU, I was honored with access to a state of the art computer based classroom. In doing so, I became interested in the ways in which various forms of electronic literacy can facilitate the writing process. My assignment was to teach Argumentation, a first-year composition course, 1/96-5/96.

Senior Adjunct Instructor- Frostburg State University, Frostburg, MD. I taught Freshman English, Advanced News and Feature Writing, Advanced Composition and Contemporary Ethical Problems, 1994-1996.

Half-Time Instructor- Garrett Community College, Oakland, MD. I planned, organized and implemented instruction of Basic Writing, English 101, Speech, and Journalism, Fall 1993-1995

Adjunct Instructor- Allegany College, Cumberland, Maryland. I planned, organized and implemented instruction of Business Writing, Marketing, and Small Business Organization, Fall 1993-1995

Workshops Designed & Delivered

"Re-Booting Your Classroom: An Introductory Workshop on Electronic Pedagogy" Presented at the 14th Computers and Writing Conference, Gainsville, FL, May, 1998 and at the English Association of Pennsylvania State Universities (EAPSU) Conference October 16, 1998. http://gradeng.en.iup.edu/reboot/reboot.htm

"Teaching English at a Distance" A four-part workshop series funded the State System of Higher Education. These workshops were designed to introduce English faculty to distance education and working in on-line electronic environments. http://gradeng.en.iup.edu/TEAD

"Creating Web Pages with Tripod" A workshop offered to graduate students and faculty at Indiana University of PA. Summer 1997 – Current.

"Designing and Maintaining a Web Page on the IUP VAX System" This on-going workhshop has been presented to faculty and students in the English department semesterly since Fall 1996.

"Working in Electronic Environments at IUP: An Orientation" Offered to incoming Rhetoric & Linguistics graduate students at IUP.

Academic Service

Distance Education Consultant, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Department of Continuing Education. Fall 1997 – Spring 1998.

Distance Education Consultant, Frostburg State University, English Department and Garrett Community College, Language Arts Department. 1994-current.

Faculty Advisor to college newspaper, Lakeside Edition, Garrett Community College, 1994-1995.

Faculty Advisor to Maryland Student Legislator, Garrett Community College, 1994-1995

Faculty Academic Advisor to 24 students, Garrett Community College, 1993-1995.

Language Arts Curriculum Committee, Garrett Community College, 1993-1995.

Instructional Design & Technology Consulting

(in addition to the information below, see Distance Education training, Grant Writing, and Workshops Designed & Delivered)

"The English Brush up" - A 27 hour curriculum, designed to assist students who wish to accelerate their entry into college level English courses, and provide potential English 101 students the opportunity to "Brush up" on English skills that they may have forgotten. Garrett Community College, Summer 1994.

Health Careers Opportunity Program (HCOP) - English Instructional Designer. HCOP is a Summer Program designed to encourage financially challenged high school students to improve the quality of their writing in order to prepare for the challenges of college writing assignments. I designed an intensive six week instructional program, to be taught in a computer environment, that focused on research skills, research writing, and technical writing.

"Life Writing" a final project designed for first-year English students at Garrett Community College. This assignment was designed to teach the pattern of narration, as well as description, and illustration. It was also an opportunity for students to consider what events, people, situations, jobs, or relationships have influenced them.

Center for Regional Progress, Frostburg State University, 1992-current. For the past six years, I've been working with Dr. Peggy Dalton to guide the center's quarterly newsletter from a non-profit to a profit venture. I've also assisted Dr. Dalton with a number of grants and helped her to design a web site for the center.

"Self Paced Business English" - Throughout this 15 week program students complete out-of-class assignments, write several letters, two reports and a resume with a cover letter. Students also complete in-class assignments that assure they have mastered a unit before they proceed onto the next. Since it is a self paced course, students will choose the pace in which they wish to proceed with each assignment or unit. Given the pace of the course, students will have the opportunity to finish the course early if all assignments have been completed, or to spend extra time on assignments they find difficult. Prepared for FSU, Fall 1991.

Related Professional Experience

The Daily Athenaeum, West Virginia University’s daily newspaper, circulation 18,500

-Managed Special Publication Tabs and Directed National Advertising Accounts, Aug 1990-May '91

Broadcaster/Writer, WROG/WALI Radio, Cumberland, MD

-Wrote and recorded 60 second commercials and Read five live newscasts daily, May-June 1989

Broadcaster/Writer, U92 FM- West Virginia University's radio station

-Wrote and read Wednesday morning news show and Broadcasted live remotes from various spots in the Morgantown area, Aug-May 1988

Computer Literacy

* I can work in both a PC and a Macintosh environment. Basically, I am familiar with all current word processing, desktop publishing and web based publishing programs including, but not limited to: Microsoft Office ’97, Frontpage, DOS 2.11-6.22, CP/M, System 7, Windows 3.1, Windows for Workgroups 3.1 & 3.11, Windows 95, Windows 98, UNIX (basic), MS-Office 98, Professional, MS-Mail, Lotus SmartSuite 3.0 & 3.1, cc:Mail 2, Lotus Notes 3.3, HotDog, ReVol Web Worker, Internet Explorer, NetScape Navigator, DOS & Windows FTP Software, WordPerfect Office (application set now owned by Corel, also WP5.1 DOS, Windows 5.2, 6.0, 6.1 and Windows WordPerfect Office (e-mail system), CorelDraw 3-6, PageMaker (PC & Mac), PhotoShop 2.5 & 3 (PC & Mac), QuarkXpress 3.3 (PC & Mac), Novell Netware 2.0a-3.12, Windows NT Server 3.5 & 3.51, ComupServe DOS & WinCIM, WordStar 3CP/M - 1.5a Windows.

Memberships with Professional Organizations

National Council of Teachers of English

College Composition and Communication

Modern Language Association

The Distance Educator

Distance Education Association of America

The Carnegie Foundation


Computers & Writing

Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education

The Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education

Pennsylvania Association for Teachers of English

Professional References

Dr. Dan Tannacito

Director of Graduate Studies in Rhetoric & Linguistics

Indiana University of Pennsylvania



Dr. Michael Williamson

English Department

Indiana University of Pennsylvania



Dr. Gian Pagnucci

English Department

Indiana University of Pennsylvania


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